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Aquatic Macrophytes

The ECN protocol for aquatic macrophytes (FMA)
code

FMA

Protocol file

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Site types that use this protocol

Macrophytes are an important component of the aquatic ecosystem and broad changes in the abundance of individual species and community composition provide valuable information on how and why an ecosystem might be changing.  Macrophytes are also becoming increasingly valued as a means of indirectly monitoring water quality as, for instance, eutrophication can produce a progressive change in species composition and a loss of species diversity.

Species presence, abundance and distribution are recorded annually for rivers, every 2 years for lakes.

May

Our field activities

MAY

During May we continue with most of the ECN measurements, and as the weather warms up, we start preparing for the additional measurements to be made over the summer.

See all this month's field measurements...

Sampling in a frog pool, Snowdon. Photo © CCW
[Photo © CCW]