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Aquatic Macrophytes

The ECN protocol for aquatic macrophytes (FMA)
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FMA

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Site types that use this protocol

Macrophytes are an important component of the aquatic ecosystem and broad changes in the abundance of individual species and community composition provide valuable information on how and why an ecosystem might be changing.  Macrophytes are also becoming increasingly valued as a means of indirectly monitoring water quality as, for instance, eutrophication can produce a progressive change in species composition and a loss of species diversity.

Species presence, abundance and distribution are recorded annually for rivers, every 2 years for lakes.

Our field activities

SEPTEMBER

This is the last of the busy months in terms of field work at terrestrial sites as the season for monitoring butterflies, frogs, grazing animals and bats draws to an end. In rivers and lakes we sample diatoms for the third time in the year. The usual year-round measurements are also made.

See all this month's field measurements...

Loch Neagh