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Aquatic Macrophytes

The ECN protocol for aquatic macrophytes (FMA)
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FMA

Protocol file

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Site types that use this protocol

Macrophytes are an important component of the aquatic ecosystem and broad changes in the abundance of individual species and community composition provide valuable information on how and why an ecosystem might be changing.  Macrophytes are also becoming increasingly valued as a means of indirectly monitoring water quality as, for instance, eutrophication can produce a progressive change in species composition and a loss of species diversity.

Species presence, abundance and distribution are recorded annually for rivers, every 2 years for lakes.

July

Our field activities

JULY

At terrestrial sites during July we continue with evening bat monitoring started in June, but bird surveying is complete. We also survey grazing animals this month, using a dropping count method. At freshwater sites we sample larger invertebrates. Of course, there's also a suite of year-round measurements to be made!

See all this month's field measurements...

Sampling in Windermere