You are here: Home / Measurements / Freshwater / Surface Water Chemistry & Quality

Surface Water Chemistry & Quality

The ECN protocol for surface water chemistry and quality (measurement of physical & chemical variables) (FWC/FWA)
code

FWC/FWA

Protocol file

View/Download…

Site types that use this protocol

The freshwater physical and chemical variables measured in this protocol were selected by ECN because they are expected to indicate the possible causes and consequences of environmental change in the aquatic environment.

Dip samples are analysed for a number of determinands, including major ions and heavy metals, at a recommended frequency of weekly for rivers, fortnightly for lakes.  Continuous pH, temperature, conductivity and turbidity recording is carried out at some sites.  Temperature and dissolved oxygen profiles are measured in lakes.

There are two related protocols described in the attached document:

  • FWC: manual sampling
  • FWA: automatic sampling
Filed under:
July

Our field activities

JULY

At terrestrial sites during July we continue with evening bat monitoring started in June, but bird surveying is complete. We also survey grazing animals this month, using a dropping count method. At freshwater sites we sample larger invertebrates. Of course, there's also a suite of year-round measurements to be made!

See all this month's field measurements...

Sampling in Windermere