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The ECN Vertebrates protocol (B)


Protocol file


Site types that use this protocol


It is recognised that different organisms are likely to 'filter' the environment in different ways and that, to provide relevant data, an environmental monitoring programme should, ideally, focus on a range of organisms, eg endotherms as well as ectotherms, and organisms with different generation times (Whittaker 1990). These are many wild, breeding vertebrates in the UK which could be included in this range of organisms and whose populations are likely to be affected by changes in climate, land use and pollution. 

The Vertebrates protocol consists of the following:

  • Bats (BA): Mapping of species and behaviour on transects  | More...
  • Birds protocols (BB, BC, BM): Annual counts by species using UK British Trust for Ornithology methodologies  | More...
  • Frogs (BF): Monitoring spawn development and pond environment  | More...
  • Rabbits and Deer (BU): Dropping counts on transects  | More...

Our field activities


Now that autumn has arrived the ECN fieldwork calendar begins to quieten down. We cease monitoring most terrestrial invertebrates apart from spiders. In rivers and lakes we make the last freshwater invertebrate survey of the year.

See all this month's field measurements...

Wytham in the autumn (fall). Photo: Denise Pallett