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Precipitation Chemistry

The ECN protocol for precipitation chemistry (PC)
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PC

Protocol file

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Site types that use this protocol

Terrestrial

Although acid rain and its effects have been of interest for more than 100 years (Smith 1872), most high-quality, systematic studies of acidic deposition have been carried out since the 1970s when observations of freshwater acidification alerted scientists to the need for better and more widespread data.

Subsequent research has highlighted the many impacts which the deposition of atmospherically transported pollutants has on ecosystems (eg Last & Watling 1991). The extent and significance of these impacts on physical, chemical and biotic components of ecosystems are likely to be affected by future changes in emissions of pollutants, and make the measurement of the deposition of atmospherically transported material an important activity for ECN.  The methods used by ECN conform with those used at Secondary Sites of the UK Precipitation Composition Monitoring Networks (UKPCMN).

Fourteen chemical variables are analysed weekly.

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August

Our field activities

AUGUST

At terrestrial sites evening bat monitoring continues and we also sample for spittle bugs using sweep nets. In rivers and lakes we sample aquatic macrophytes (water plants visible to the naked eye). The usual year-round measurements are also made.

See all this month's field measurements...

A spittlebug